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ETHIMOLOGY


The origin of Georgian words and the historical development of its meaning. Georgian Language is intrinsic to the expression of Georgian culture. It is the mean by which Georgian culture and its traditions and shared values may be conveyed and preserved.



“Gamarjoba” means Hello in Georgian. “Gamarjoba” comes from the word “Gamarjveba” (meaning Victory, Triumph).  Therefore while meeting,  all Georgians greet and wish to each other successful and victorious day.



“Samshoblo” originates from the word “mshobeli”, Georgian for “parent”. Meaning place of birth, place of origin or native land, the word conveys the unshakeable perpetual connection we share with homeland.



“Tavisupleba” means freedom in Georgian. “Tavisupleba” originates from the word “Tavisupali” - being free or independent in Georgian. “Tavi” means self and “Upali” means the lord/ owner/patron/ in Georgian. Thus, the word literally reflects the own free will of the person.



Kartveli is a name of Georgians. The root of the word “Kartv” is derived from “Kartu”, which has several versions of its origin: an ancient name of Sakartvelo (Georgia), a name of old Kartvelian tribe or a name of old deity “Kartu”. Specialists suggest that the ethnonym “Kartveli (Georgian) was created in the 1st millennium B.C.



The name of the nation’s historic language is called mother-tongue in Georgian language. For example: Georgian language is Georgian’s mother-tongue.
Deda ( mother) denotes a parent (a woman) in Georgian, but it is used to denote “the main” in a number of composite words. These words are as follows: mother-tongue (deda ena), mother-earth (dedamitsa), mother-opinion (dedaazri), motherland (deda-samshoblo), mother-city (dedaqalaqi) Therefore the mother-tongue is the main language.




Sikvaruli means "love" in Georgian. It is defined as a strong feeling towards somebody by the highest quality of faith, devotion, compassion and acknowledgement of high virtues of the beloved one.





"Megobari" denotes a friend in Georgian. The origin of the word is "guobs" (get used to). The root of the verb is: "shegueba", meaning to assimilate; Therefore, a friend is considered as the one who shares your heart and mind.





“Adamiani” means “human" in Georgian. It is derived from the word: Adam (the first man) by adding a suffix “ian”, which expresses belonging to the genus/race. Therefore, this word directly denotes Adam’s gene, Adam’s race.





Madloba means ‘thank you” in Georgian; Madloba derives from a word: “madli”- “grace” Grace has two key meanings in Georgian: 1. Kindness, virtue, good-doings 2. God’s mercy. We can comprehend “Madloba” as “God’s mercy”. Therefore, thanking somebody means: God’s mercy to you.




Sikete - is same as being kind, “doing good to others”.⁣ The root of the word lies in “ket/kat” with the original meaning: “(she)mateba” (adding), “she(qmna)” (creating) , “keteba” (doing), “gabevreba”( multiplying), “kargis qmna” (doing good). The following words have been derived from the root “ket” : “ket-ili” (kind), “kargis mqmneli” (a virtuous man),”skhvisatvis kargis msurveli” (wishing good for others), “kargi gulisa” (good-hearted), “satno” (virtuous)




Dgesastsauli (an event) - a celebration related to some extraordinary occasion, a festive day. ⁣The word derives from uniting two roots: dge (a day) and sastsauli (a miracle);⁣ A day-a time-lapse from dawn to sunset;⁣ A miracle - an extraordinary event, unexplainable by the laws of nature;




The “Mekvleoba” (trail-blazing) ritual is related to “Bedoba” celebration. ⁣⁣A family chooses a “mekvle”-the person who will be the one, who first visits and congratulates a family the New Year.⁣ The word “mekvle” is derived by the composition of the affix me – e, ( usually used for denoting craftsmanship) and “kval” (path).⁣ ⁣“Mekvle” (trail-blazer) – a track-maker, a path-maker; the one, who makes a path for the family next year. He has to bring happiness and well-being to the host in the coming year. ⁣ ⁣ “Mekvle” visits a family full of sweets and fruits and congratulates the family on the arrival of the New Year, wishes wealth and abundance to it.





“Bedoba”- the second day of the new year, January 2. The word is derived in the following way: “bedi” (fate) plus “oba”- an affix, forming abstract words.⁣
⁣Fate is defined as a predefined path of life, providence, destiny.⁣ “Bedoba” tradition goes back to centuries.⁣ It is believed in Georgia that the round year will be the same as you have on “Bedoba” day. ⁣The second day after the New Year was regarded as the day of future mood and bringing luck.⁣

Bedoba” , according to the old tradition, is met with joyful, delightful and carefree attitude; people congratulate each other and try to spend the day cheerfully, so that the round year be the same as this day. ⁣The following words “bednieri” (happy), “sabedo” (fiancée) , “gabedva” (dare), “dabedeba” (bringing luck), “bedistsera” (destiny) are linked with the word-stem- “bed”.




“Tanastsori” (equal) means similar/equal in size, power, importance, value or other quality; even.
“Stsori” is the main word in the root, which means equal in old Christian texts, “tana” is same as “ertad” (together). Therefore, we have to understand “tanastsori” as “two or more similar, equal data”.