Gremi is the former capital of the Kingdom of Kakheti. Its archaeological site includes a citadel, a royal quarter, and a trade district. The Church of the Archangels in the citadel was built by King Levan in 1565. It is one of the best examples of sixteenth-century Georgian architecture.
GONIO FORTRESS stands on flatlands near the sea coast, and during the Roman period it was directly linked to a harbour in order to secure safe navigation. Exact date of its foundation is unknown, but it is believed to have been built in the first century AD, and restored in the fourth and sixth centuries. According to Georgian Orthodox Church tradition, the tomb of St Matthias (the apostle chosen to replace Judas Iscariot) is located in Gonio. Music by Erekle Getsadze
Learn more about the rich history behind the Marjanishvili Theatre building. Presented by David Khoshtaria / Architectural historian Music by Erekle Getsadze
The Nekresi monastery located in the eastern Georgian region of Kakheti, founded in the 6th century.
Ananuri is a picturesque castle located in the Aragvi Gorge. Looking out over the foothills to the plain beyond, the castle is a notable landmark along the historic road that connects Georgia to the North Caucasus.
Building number eight on Marjanishvili Street in Tbilisi, which presently houses the Kote Marjanishvili State Academic Drama Theatre, was constructed between 1902 and 1907 according to the design of architect Stefan Kryczyński, and under the supervision of architect Aleksander Rogojski. Learn more about the rich history behind Marjanishvili Theatre building. Presented by Art Historian - David Khoshtaria
House number thirteen on Machabeli Street in Tbilisi is distinguished both for its history and its architecture. It originally belonged to the famous Georgian brandy producer David Sarajishvili, renowned not only for his prosperous entrepreneurship, but also for his philanthropy.
Located on Aghmashenebeli Avenue (former Plekhanovi) in the old German neighborhood, the Apollo is one of the city’s distinguished works of modernism. It is now on the country’s list of cultural heritage.
The church of the Virgin at Timotesubani is located on the bank of the River Toristskali in the picturesque Borjomi gorge, not far from the town of Borjomi itself in the historic region of Tori.
“Shiomghvime Monastery is set among the mountains in a picturesque ravine, 10 km west of Mtskheta. Its history dates back to the mid-sixth century when St. Shio, from the group of monks known as the “thirteen Syrian Fathers,” settled here. Several years later a community of monks gathered around him, which led to the foundation of a monastery. St. Shio himself continued to live nearby, but spent the last two years of his life and was ultimately buried in a dark cave located in the middle of the monastery, which was subsequently named Shiomghvime ("the Cave of Shio”)”.
Among numerous archeological discoveries made in Georgia over recent years, the Grakliani Hill find has attracted special attention Although it has only been 12 years since archaeologists appeared here, 11 different periods of human activity have already been established, beginning from the Old Stone Age (about 1,500,000 - 1,800,000 years ago) up to the fourth century AD. Within this very extensive timeframe, two periods draw particular attention: the V-IV centuries BC and the X century BC.
Vardzia’s rock-hewn architectural ensemble is situated in historic Meskheti, South Georgia, on the left bank of the river Mtkvari. It served as fortification, as well as religious and habitation purposes, and has outstanding artistic and historical significance.
Zedazeni is one of the oldest Georgian monasteries. Its history dates back to the 510s, when St. John of Zedazeni, leader of the group of monks known as the “thirteen Syrian Fathers,” secluded himself on the summit of Mount Zeda Zadeni.
The Kintsvissi monastery is located in Kartli region, in the Dzama River Valley. St. Nicholas church, a cross-dome brick construction, was commissioned by Antoni Glonistavisdze, Archbishop of Tshkondidi and Mtsignobartukhutsesi (the chancellor) of Queen Tamar, in the early 13th c. in the most brilliant epoch of the Georgian statehood and culture, in the reign of Queen Tamar (late 12th - early 13th cc.).
Rabat Fortress in Akhaltsikhe - Akhaltsikhe is one of the oldest Georgian cities known from written sources since the twelfth century. Being an important military stronghold and a regional political centre, it always attracted the attention of the neighbouring powers aiming at domination over the South Caucasus.