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17/05/2024 art

ZYGMUNT WALISZEWSKI - AN ARTIST IMPORTANT TO BOTH POLISH AND GEORGIAN ART

Zygmunt (Zyga) Waliszewski (1897-1936) was a Polish artist who lived in Georgia from 1903 to 1920. His name is associated with the history of the Georgian avant-garde of the 1910s. In the second half of his life, he was a prominent figure on the Polish art scene. Waliszewski lived and worked in Paris in 1924-1931.

10/05/2024 history

THE RISE OF MEDIEVAL GEORGIAN MONASTICISM - ST. GREGORY OF KHANDZTA

In 813, the Presiding Prince Ashot I Curopolate fled the Arab oppression in Tbilisi and went to the southern Georgian province of Klarjeti. There, he established the new principality of Tao-Klarjeti. This principality played a crucial role in the history of Georgia during the ninth and tenth centuries, although Prince Ashot was not the first to set up home there. Before Ashot, men and women who sought seclusion for a ‘holy life’ had traveled to Klarjeti; monks and nuns led by medieval Georgian monastic leader Gregory of Khandzta (759–861). The intensive monastic colonization of these lands was one of the strongest factors that contributed to the rise of the Principality/Kingdom of Tao-Klarjeti.

26/04/2024 architecture

THE CHURCH OF THE MOTHER OF GOD IN METEKHI (KARTLI)

The Church of the Mother of God is located in the village of Metekhi, in Kartli Province. Legend attributes its foundation to the fifth-century Georgian king Vakhtang Gorgasali, although there is no archaeological or architectural evidence to support such an early date. The extant church was built in the first half of the thirteenth century and restored several times in the late Middle Ages and Modern times.

22/04/2024 architecture

USHGULI

Ushguli is a community in Upper Svaneti. It is one of the highest mountain settlements in Europe, and is situated at a height of 2,200m above sea level. Four villages make up the community of Ushguli: Murkmeli, Chazhashi, Chvibiani, and Zhibiani, which follow the Enguri Valley, beginning from the headwaters of the River Enguri at the foot of Mount Shkhara, and are distributed along one vertical axis like a string of beads. The Ushguli community is bounded to the east by the vast Caucasus Mountains, whose branches border the valley to the north and to the south with the Svaneti mountain range. Accordingly, the villages of the community are bordered on three sides by mountains, and may be viewed against the backdrop of the breathtaking Mount Shkhara, perpetually covered with snow, which is enclosed by a valley .

18/04/2024 art

LADO GUDIASHVILI'S PAINTINGS FROM THE MODERNIST PERIOD (Tbilisi - Paris, 1910-1920s)

Lado Gudiashvili (1896-1980) is one of the most prominent representatives of Georgian modernist art and the Tbilisi avant-garde, famed for his creative vision and unique style of painting. Lado Gudiashvili was born and raised in a historic neighborhood of Tbilisi’s multicultural milieu at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. In 1910, Gudiashvili enrolled at the School of Painting and Sculpture, which had been established in Tbilisi in 1902 under the auspices of the Caucasian Society for the Promotion of Fine Arts. His teacher there was the renowned Tbilisi caricaturist Oscar Schmerling. In addition to honing his skills at painting and drawing, under the guidance of Iacob Nikoladze Gudiashvili also delved into the art of sculpture.

11/04/2024 history

ILIA CHAVCHAVADZE

Ilia Chavchavadze was born in 1837. At that time, Georgia had already ceased to exist as a political entity, not with even a minimal degree of sovereignty. By the manifesto of 1801 of Alexander I, the Kingdom of Kartli -Kakheti officially joined the Russian Empire. Soon, the Kingdom of Imereti fell to the same fate.

05/04/2024 art

SOCIALIST REALISM IN GEORGIAN PAINTING (FROM 1921 TO 1950)

The formation and evolution of socialist realist art in Georgia commenced during the 1930s and 1940s. However, its ideological foundations in Russia were seen between 1922 and 1932. Critical realism (peredvizhniks), constructivism, neoclassicism, and French classical realism conditioned the eclectic visual language typical of socialist realism and its utopian ideology.

28/03/2024 art

HIDDEN TRACES OF GEORGIAN MODERNISM IN ALEKSANDRE TSIMAKURIDZE'S LANDSCAPE

Aleksandre Tsimakuridze is recognized as one of the chief supporters of the landscape genre in 20th century Georgian realistic easel painting. Notwithstanding the significant contributions of figures such as David Kakabadze and Elene Akhvlediani, who established landscape painting both as a genre and as a thematic focus in Georgian art, it can be asserted that Aleksandre Tsimakuridze stands out as the first Georgian artist to devote himself entirely to the craft of landscape painting. Apart from a handful of portraits, Aleksandre Tsimakuridze’s artistic oeuvre is predominantly centered on landscape painting. As a result of his efforts, the genre of realistic landscape painting was firmly established in Georgian easel painting. Furthermore, the extensive years he spent teaching were equally significant, since he played a crucial role in nurturing and shaping the professional development of numerous Georgian landscape artists.

09/03/2024 history

KING VAKHTANG I GORGASALI

King Vakhtang I Gorgasali (ca. 442–502) was arguably the greatest Georgian king of late antiquity. From the early Middle Ages onwards, he became one of the main protagonists of Georgian folklore - a great king whose power could shake even the icy peaks of the Caucasus; a fierce fighter with superhuman strength and bravery. Unfortunately for scholars, most medieval accounts about King Vakhtang are predominantly legendary. However, that does not mean he did not exist and was invented later, nor is he as legendary as, say, King Arthur. Indeed, most scholars agree that King Vakhtang was a historical figure who ruled the Kingdom of Iberia in the late fifth century.

16/02/2024 architecture

PUDZNARI CHURCH

Pudznari Church of the Mother of God is located near the village of Bodavi, in the gorge of the River Bodaviskhevi, the left tributary of the Aragvi River. It stands on a flat location at the bottom of a hill, in the center of an enclosed courtyard.

11/02/2024 art

SHALVA KIKODZE'S SELF PORTRAIT

Shalva Kikodze’s emergence on the Georgian art scene was comparable to a meteoric phenomenon. The duration of his creative activity spans just fourteen years. In 1908, at the age of 14, his first caricature was published in the Georgian humorous magazine "The Devil's Whip." His final work appeared in October 1921 during an exhibition at "La Licorne" Gallery in Paris, featuring works by three Georgian artists — Lado Gudiashvili, Davit Kakabadze, and Shalva Kikodze.

04/02/2024 art

THE TIRELESS EMBROIDERER. VERA PAGAVA

At the end of the 50s/beginning of the 60s Vera Pagava created a unique graphic style, which she mostly employed for plein-air landscape paintings and occasionally for the production of still lifes.The artist utilized this method to produce dozens of lyrical drawings that capture the fleeting essence of nature. Pagava drew dots and created images on blank pieces of paper using just a pencil (graphite).

27/01/2024 art

SOLOMON GERSHOV

Solomon Gershov was a Jewish artist from the Soviet Union and a representative of nonconformist art. These words themselves imply the inevitable dramatic development of Gershov’s life and creative work. All Jewish artists in the Soviet Union were possessed of a dual identity, and they continually needed to adjust to a different way of life, feeling like aliens in the world of art and not only.

27/01/2024 architecture

THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE OF TBILISI

The presence of a Jewish diaspora in Georgia has been attested since ancient times. In late antiquity, a significant Jewish community existed in Mtskheta, where they established a synagogue. In the Middle Ages, Jewish populations resided in Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Akhaltsikhe, Tskhinvali, and many other towns and cities.

19/01/2024 art

THE ERA OF QAJAR ART

Iranian easel painting from the 18th and 19th centuries occupies an important place in the history of both Iranian and global art. Owing to the fact that its initial creation and subsequent development occurred precisely during the reign of the Qajar dynasty in Iran, it is frequently referred to as Qajar or Royal Persian Painting. One of the world’s largest collections of easel paintings from the Qajar era is housed at the Shalva Amiranashvili State Museum of Fine Arts, which is a part of the National Museum of Georgia.